MMRotate Deployment

MMRotate is an open-source toolbox for rotated object detection based on PyTorch. It is a part of the OpenMMLab project.


Install mmrotate

Please follow the installation guide to install mmrotate.

Install mmdeploy

There are several methods to install mmdeploy, among which you can choose an appropriate one according to your target platform and device.

Method I: Install precompiled package

You can refer to get_started

Method II: Build using scripts

If your target platform is Ubuntu 18.04 or later version, we encourage you to run scripts. For example, the following commands install mmdeploy as well as inference engine - ONNX Runtime.

git clone --recursive -b main
cd mmdeploy
python3 tools/scripts/ $(nproc)
export PYTHONPATH=$(pwd)/build/lib:$PYTHONPATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$(pwd)/../mmdeploy-dep/onnxruntime-linux-x64-1.8.1/lib/:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH


  • Adding $(pwd)/build/lib to PYTHONPATH is for importing mmdeploy SDK python module - mmdeploy_runtime, which will be presented in chapter SDK model inference.

  • When inference onnx model by ONNX Runtime, it requests ONNX Runtime library be found. Thus, we add it to LD_LIBRARY_PATH.

Method III: Build from source

If neither I nor II meets your requirements, building mmdeploy from source is the last option.

Convert model

You can use tools/ to convert mmrotate models to the specified backend models. Its detailed usage can be learned from here.

The command below shows an example about converting rotated-faster-rcnn model to onnx model that can be inferred by ONNX Runtime.

cd mmdeploy

# download rotated-faster-rcnn model from mmrotate model zoo
mim download mmrotate --config rotated-faster-rcnn-le90_r50_fpn_1x_dota --dest .

# convert mmrotate model to onnxruntime model with dynamic shape
python tools/ \
    configs/mmrotate/ \ \
    rotated_faster_rcnn_r50_fpn_1x_dota_le90-0393aa5c.pth \
    dota_demo.jpg \
    --work-dir mmdeploy_models/mmrotate/ort \
    --device cpu \
    --show \

It is crucial to specify the correct deployment config during model conversion. We’ve already provided builtin deployment config files of all supported backends for mmrotate. The config filename pattern is:

rotated_detection-{backend}-{precision}_{static | dynamic}_{shape}.py
  • {backend}: inference backend, such as onnxruntime, tensorrt, pplnn, ncnn, openvino, coreml etc.

  • {precision}: fp16, int8. When it’s empty, it means fp32

  • {static | dynamic}: static shape or dynamic shape

  • {shape}: input shape or shape range of a model

Therefore, in the above example, you can also convert rotated-faster-rcnn to other backend models by changing the deployment config file rotated-detection_onnxruntime_dynamic to others, e.g., converting to tensorrt-fp16 model by


When converting mmrotate models to tensorrt models, –device should be set to “cuda”

Model specification

Before moving on to model inference chapter, let’s know more about the converted model structure which is very important for model inference.

The converted model locates in the working directory like mmdeploy_models/mmrotate/ort in the previous example. It includes:

├── deploy.json
├── detail.json
├── end2end.onnx
└── pipeline.json

in which,

  • end2end.onnx: backend model which can be inferred by ONNX Runtime

  • *.json: the necessary information for mmdeploy SDK

The whole package mmdeploy_models/mmrotate/ort is defined as mmdeploy SDK model, i.e., mmdeploy SDK model includes both backend model and inference meta information.

Model inference

Backend model inference

Take the previous converted end2end.onnx model as an example, you can use the following code to inference the model and visualize the results.

from mmdeploy.apis.utils import build_task_processor
from mmdeploy.utils import get_input_shape, load_config
import torch

deploy_cfg = 'configs/mmrotate/'
model_cfg = './'
device = 'cpu'
backend_model = ['./mmdeploy_models/mmrotate/ort/end2end.onnx']
image = './dota_demo.jpg'

# read deploy_cfg and model_cfg
deploy_cfg, model_cfg = load_config(deploy_cfg, model_cfg)

# build task and backend model
task_processor = build_task_processor(model_cfg, deploy_cfg, device)
model = task_processor.build_backend_model(backend_model)

# process input image
input_shape = get_input_shape(deploy_cfg)
model_inputs, _ = task_processor.create_input(image, input_shape)

# do model inference
with torch.no_grad():
    result = model.test_step(model_inputs)

# visualize results

SDK model inference

You can also perform SDK model inference like following,

from mmdeploy_runtime import RotatedDetector
import cv2
import numpy as np

img = cv2.imread('./dota_demo.jpg')

# create a detector
detector = RotatedDetector(model_path='./mmdeploy_models/mmrotate/ort', device_name='cpu', device_id=0)
# perform inference
det = detector(img)

Besides python API, mmdeploy SDK also provides other FFI (Foreign Function Interface), such as C, C++, C#, Java and so on. You can learn their usage from demos.

Supported models

Model OnnxRuntime TensorRT
Rotated RetinaNet Y Y
Rotated FasterRCNN Y Y
Oriented R-CNN Y Y
Gliding Vertex Y Y
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